The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus was counted as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, that list of marvels that ancient world travelers were fortunate to visit in their lifetimes.
The historian Philon of Byzantium said "I have seen the walls and Hanging Gardens of ancient Babylon, the statue of Olympian Zeus, the Colossus of Rhodes, the mighty work of the high Pyramids and the tomb of Mausolus. But when I saw the temple at Ephesus rising to the clouds, all these other wonders were put in the shade."
The Temple was built in Ephesus near modern day Selcuk in Turkey. It was built in about 560 B.C. on the site of much older temples to Artemis and other Greek gods. It was built so that broad steps led up to a rectangular terrace on which the temple was built. It was rectangular in shape, and approximately 260 ft by 430 ft (80 m x 130 m). The building (the 323 bc version) consisted of a roof held up by 127 marble pillars, each 60 ft (20 m) high. The base of the pillars was decorated with extensive carvings and artwork. The pillars were arranged aound the perimeter of the building, with the center being left open.
The temple was burned down the same year that
Alexander the Great was born, in 356 B.C., and rebuilt by 323 B.C. It
was again destroyed by the Goths and rebuilt in 263 A.D. The temple
was finally torn down permanently in 401 A.D. by St. John Chrysostom.
When ancient references were used to find the site of the temple in the
late 19th century, the local residents had never heard of it, and it
was buried in 20 feet of swamp and overgrowth. After excavation in the
early 20th century, a single column reconstructed from the debris now
stands on the site. The drawing below is from Bill Munn's Seven Wonders of the Ancient World site.
By comparison, the Lincoln Memorial, built in 1922, is 188 ft x 118 ft, with 36 columns 44 ft tall.
This photo of the Lincoln Memorial is courtesy of Keith Stanley, www.kestan.com .
The other Seven Wonders of the Ancient World were: