Amedee Bollee Sr. inherited a bell foundry in Le Mans France. Working with his foundry machine shop, he built several steam carriages that were remarkable in their craftsmanship. His 1873 steam carriage L'Obeissante (the Obedient One) had a roof with windows and curtains, sat 12 passengers, had a cruising speed of 30 km/ hr, and a top speed of 40 km/hr. It burned coal to fire the steam boiler, and used 50 kilos of coal per hour. It was built very solid, and weighed in at 5 tons!!